Filed under: Kazakhstan
The Republic of Kazakhstan is a transcontinental country in Central Asia and Europe. The ninth largest country in the world by land area, it is also the world’s largest landlocked country; its territory of 2,727,300 square kilometres (1,053,000 sq mi) is larger than Western Europe. It is neighbored by Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and also borders on a significant part of the Caspian Sea.
Controlled by the Russian Empire and then the Soviet Union until it’s independence in 1991 – the last Soviet republic to do so – Kazakhstan’s folk and classical traditions are connected with ethnic Russian music and European classical music. Prior to the 20th century, Kazakh folk music had been collected and studied by ethnographic research teams. After the Russian revolution, what little that was recorded had to be approved by the censors at the Russian state-owned and operated Μелодия (Melodiya) label.
Дос-Мукасан (Dos-Mukasan) were the first modern pop music group in Kazakhstan. They formed in 1967 at the Kazakh Polytechnic Institute in the former capitol city of Almaty. The band’s name was derived from the first syllable of each the founding member’s names: Dosym Suleev, Murat Kusainov, Kamit Sanbaev, and “Sanya” Alexander Litvinov. Although their discography seems to end somewhere in the mid 80s, judging by the many clips on YouTube they are apparently still active to this day.